Sydney is a city and the state capital of New South Wales in Australia. Sydney is the most populous city in Australia with a population of about 5.3 million people found in 658 suburbs. Sydney is probably most famous for its iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge as well as hosting the 2000 Olympics.
The Sydney area has probably been inhabited for around 30,000 years by indigenous Australians. The explorer James Cook’s initial Pacific voyage in 1770 ended up the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia. They made landfall at Botany Bay that prompted a great deal of British involvement in the region. The initial European settlement was by Arthur Phillip whom founded Sydney being a British penal colony in 1788 following the landing of the First Fleet of convicts. Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842 and the transport of the UK convicts to there stopped then. In 1851, a gold rush took place Australia giving further development and immigration. Over the next century, Sydney was changed from its impression as a colonial outpost in to what it is now as major global cultural and economic centre. Mass migration from Europe happened following World War Two resulting in the growth and development of Sydney into one of the more multicultural cities in the world with more than a third of the population speaking a language other than English in the home. Economically, there is a significant number of foreign financial institutions and multinational companies located in Sydney and the city likes to showcase itself as Australia’s monetary capital along with a foremost financial hub. The University of Sydney was the countries first university, having been founded in 1850 and it is regarded as one of the top universities globally. The State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826 is the oldest library in Australia.
Sydney is known as among the more expensive cities in the world where you can live, nevertheless it does usually rank in the top 10 of the most liveable cities in the world. It carries a fierce rivalry with the other key Australian city of Melbourne over this. This particular rivalry additionally also includes competitive sports. The Sydney Morning Herald is Australia’s oldest newspaper that is still in print since being set up in 1831. One other key newspaper is The Daily Telegraph which has been in print continuously since 1879.
The tourism industry is important for the Sydney overall economy with it being in the fifteen most visited locations worldwide, visiting attractions including the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House and furthermore more than 2,500,000 acres of nature reserves and recreational areas. The main traveler airport terminal that serves Sydney is Kingsford-Smith Airport that is among the world’s oldest airfields. Another airport happens to be getting built in the western suburbs. Central Station which was built-in 1906 is the main centre of the city’s train system. Sydney generally hosts significant international sporting events, like the 2000 Summer Olympics that had been stated to be the best Olympics ever.