Conventional cancer treatments usually include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and radiotherapy. A cancer surgery is an operation that involves the surgical removal of a tumor. If the cancer is not advanced, or is still in its early stages, surgery is recommended.
It can sometimes be difficult to identify the exact stage at which cancer is developing. Conventional medical therapy is used for different types of cancer treatments.
All surgeries are invasive and all cancer surgery can be traumatizing. The body's resistance against cancer is reduced by cancer surgery, which can lead to the patient being more susceptible to the recurrence. According to some studies, surgery may also contribute to the spread and progression of cancer.
Chemotherapy is the use of chemicals to shrink cancer cells and to eliminate any remaining cancerous cells. Chemotherapy is extremely toxic to not only cancerous cells, but also nearby healthy cells and tissues. Due to a decrease in white blood cell production, these toxic chemicals can cause bone marrow to become less resistant to infection.
Patients with weak immunity could become a major source of disease if they are infected. The potential for second-degree cancer, damage to the muscles and fertility, as well as side effects that can be fatal, are some of the other deadly side effects of chemotherapy. Other side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and loss of appetite.
Radiation therapy is the use of high intensity x-rays to destroy cancer cells. Essentially, chemotherapy damages cells by destroying the genetic material that controls cell growth and division.
Radiation is much more harmful to cancer cells than it is to normal cells. While healthy and cancerous cells are damaged by radiation, the goal of radiation therapy is to destroy as few normal, healthy cells as possible during the radiation process.